ANCIENT GREEK RED FIGURE POTTERY OWL SKYPHOS 4th CENTURY BC WINE CUP. $1, or Best Offer. Free Shipping. ARTEMIS GALLERY Greek Apulian Red-Figure Owl Skyphos. Red figure pottery consists of red images against a black background, while black figure pottery consists of black pictures against the naturally red color of the vase. The two ancient Greek pottery techniques utilize a similar approach as far as creating the vase and bringing out the desired. Ancient Greek pottery, due to its relative durability, comprises a large part of the archaeological record of ancient Greece, and since there is so much of it (over , painted vases are recorded in the Corpus vasorum antiquorum), it has exerted a disproportionately large influence on our understanding of Greek society.